Startup Glossary: Board of Directors

Every so often, a board of directors convenes to create policies and supervise the functioning of the company.

Having a board of directors is mandatory for all publicly traded companies. Boards of directors can be found in both public and private sector organisations.

What is a Board of Directors?

Here, you can find the answer to “what is a board of directors?” Board of Directors is the group responsible for developing strategy and supervising management in publicly traded firms. The board of directors meets regularly as a matter of course. Every publicly listed company must have a board of directors. Nonprofits and for-profit companies may also have a board of directors.

What Does a Board of Directors Do?

The shareholders of a publicly traded firm elect the board of directors. Key decisions like mergers and dividends are made by the board, which also selects and pays senior employees. Individuals interested in serving on a company’s board of directors can submit their names to the nominations committee, or they can nominate themselves. This replies “what do the board of directors do?

Who is Board of Directors?

So, who are the board of directors? They are the people chosen to serve on a company’s board of directors who are in charge of all of the company’s operations.

Instead of making day-to-day decisions, boards of directors define the overarching policy of the firm, based on its goal and vision, and oversee the acts of its officers and executives.

Like an aeroplane captain flying at 30,000 feet, the board of directors keeps an eye on everything, sees the big picture, and makes adjustments as necessary. At 1000 feet, CEOs are in charge and workers are below them.

Board of Directors Responsibilities

The board of directors’ responsibilities includes but are not limited to the following points:

Board members act as fiduciaries for the company and its shareholders in most cases. Executive salaries, dividends, large investments, mergers, and acquisitions all fall under the purview of a board of directors.

An additional duty of a board of directors is to assist in the establishment of broad corporate objectives, to assist senior management in achieving these objectives, and to ensure that a business is equipped with appropriate and properly managed resources to achieve these objectives.

Members of the company’s board of directors may or may not include the chief executive officer and/or other senior managers.

In most cases, an “inside director” is characterised as an employee of a corporation, but it can also include major stockholders.

Those who serve on a company’s board of directors are known as independent, or outside, directors. It is easier for independent directors to discharge their fiduciary responsibilities than for company insiders.

Board of Directors Structure

Board of directors and management team is the most popular company structures in the United States.

Interns and outsiders are frequently represented on corporate boards because they bring different perspectives to the table when it comes to making decisions.

CEO, CFO, and COO are the most common positions at the top of most management teams, but these positions are not exclusive (COO).

Board of Directors Salary

High-ranking executives and recent retirees can make a lot of money by serving on a company’s board of directors. There are many advantages to serving on the board, including the fact that it is less demanding and time-consuming than previous roles.

According to a global survey by Lodestone Global, the median salary for private firm board members in 2020 was $42,750. This is a 2% decrease from the previous year.

From there, the sky is the limit. Board members’ salaries can range between $300,000 and $500,000 a year.

S&P 500 company directors, of course, get the greatest money for their seats. According to Reuters, the average salary at those companies in 2018 was $304,856. 43 per cent growth in just 10 years. Goldman Sachs Group Inc. was the top payor in 2012, paying its directors an average of $599,279 a year.3

The average number of meetings attended by board members this year was 7.9, whether in person or remotely.


A board of directors is a group of people chosen by the company’s shareholders to represent their interests. Nonprofits and a large number of private corporations are not required by law to have a board of directors, although it is common practice for them to do so.